Kenya, which has slipped two places to 142, was a prime example of a country beset by scandals linked to the theft of public funds as the 2006 Transparency International Corruption Perception Index was released on Monday. And according to TI Kenya’s Kenya Bribery Index, “bribery costs Kenyans about US $1 billion each year, yet more than half live on less than US $2 per day”
Kenya has been ranked 142 out of 163 countries in 2006 Transparency International Corruption Perception Index at an index of 2.0.
Maenwhille, Countries with a significant improvement in perceived levels of corruption include: Algeria, Czech Republic, India, Japan, Latvia, Lebanon, Mauritius, Paraguay, Slovenia, Turkey, Turkmenistan and Uruguay.
TI’s report also mentioned Kenya’s Anglo-Leasing and related scandals as presenting a case in point, where the misappropriation of public funds was enabled through fraudulent contracts using sophisticated shell companies and bank accounts in European and off-shore jurisdictions, according to John Githongo, Kenya’s former anti-corruption tsar.
Strong correlation between corruption and poverty is evident in the results of the CPI 2006. Almost three-quarters of the countries in the CPI score below five (including all low-income countries and all but two African states) indicating that most countries in the world face serious perceived levels of domestic corruption. Seventy-one countries – nearly half – score below three, indicating that corruption is perceived as rampant. Haiti has the lowest score at 1.8; Guinea, Iraq and Myanmar share the penultimate slot, each with a score of 1.9. Finland, Iceland and New Zealand share the top score of 9.6.